In that incident, service was restored sooner than officials predicted. Generally, hourly employees who earn under $455 per week ($23,660 per year) and who work in a non-exempt industry are eligible to receive overtime pay. The master record aggregates detail records that represent multiple payroll types and payments to the same employee by multiple agencies. This payroll data for public employees is updated quarterly and displayed by calendar year. Peter O. Jackson has worked for NJ Transit since Sept. 17, 2001 and is a police officer. He earned $95,399in overtime in 2016. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. While some states have daily overtime limit which entitles any employee who works for more then a certain number of hours in a single day to be paid overtime, New Jersey does not specify a daily overtime limit. Officials are continuing to train new engineers to take the throttle from retirees. From urban planners and bus operators to engineers and communications experts, we're always looking for skilled, innovative people to join our team. Ready to move forward with us? We publish a file for departments and agencies (Agency Payroll) that use the States Central Payroll System and a file for independent authorities (Authority Payroll) that maintain their own payroll systems. And 120 engineers made at least $50,000 just in overtime and other payments in addition to their salary. The exception to that was NJ Transits hiring and training blitz that added 113 new locomotive engineers and built the roster back to the 398 active engineers needed to run full service without canceling trains, achieved in June. 70% feel they are paid fairly. External salespeople (who often set their own hours) are also exempted from NJ overtime requirements, as are some types of computer-related workers. Of those, 1,640 were included in the salary portion of the survey. The FLSA specifically covers certain jobs, and exempts others from overtime pay. NJ Transit answers for crew shortages that result in cancelling 64 trains. Kevin B. Pollard, Assistant Conductor, 12. If your job falls under any of the four categories described above, then you are not covered by federal or New Jersey unemployment regulations and your employer is not required to pay you an overtime premium. When added to his base pay of $60,840 and other payments he earned a total salary of $218,470, according to NJ Transit salary records. NJ TRANSIT Labor Relations Specialist in New Jersey makes about $64,140 per year. 2023 Advance Local Media LLC. The numbers above are based on NJ Transit's complete payroll for the fiscal year that ended in June and excludes the executive director, who was appointed late in the fiscal year and not paid his full $280,000 salary, and other employees for which the data reported zero base pay for the year. 2023 Advance Local Media LLC. Cookie Settings/Do Not Sell My Personal Information. . The greatest benefit? Average annual salary was $94,941 and median salary was $99,196. NJ Transit spent $181.5 million in overtime in 2018, an increase of $15.6 million from 2017, said Jim Smith, an NJ Transit spokesman. At NJ Transit you will enjoy a competitive salary and excellent benefit package: Comprehensive Family Health Insurance - Prescription, Dental, Vision ; Flexible Spending Account . Larry Higgs | NJ Advance Media for, shortage of engineers last year, a situation blamed on retirements and, These 25 NJ Transit employees made more than $80K in O/T in 2017. Thomas Broschart, Locomotive Engineer, 17. Is any of our data outdated or broken? He earned $85,702 in overtime in 2016. Nj Transit Corporation average salary is 103 percent higher than USA average and median salary is 128 percent higher than USA median. Since February 2018, NJ Transit lost 866 employees overall and 40 percent of them retired, agency statistics said. 8. 7. That left the agency hard pressed to cover absences. Most hourly employees in New Jersey are entitled to a special overtime pay rate for any hours worked over a total of 40 in a single work week (defined as any seven consecutive work days by the Fair Labor Standards Act). AFL-CIO 2022 Union Member Issue Survey.Ibew 357 pays an average salary of $3,686,491 and salaries range from a low of $3,198,888 to a high of $4,243,536. However, utility worker Salvatore Lazzarino made the most in overtime, taking home $252,892 on top of his salary. Tools and Resources. Individual salaries will, of course, vary depending on the job, department, location, as well as the individual skills and education of each employee. Jose R. Tirado was hired by NJ Transit onSept. 23, 2002 and isa police officer. Besides base salary and overtime, other items that make up thetotal salary package are retroactive pay for union workers for the time period they worked without a new contract, unused vacation and sick payouts and uniform allowances. Those salaries ranged from a high of $257,840 for a veteran police lieutenant to $202,519 for an electrician with almost 2 decades of service. Those front line rail employees and transit police worked a lot of overtime, and in some cases, they made more in O/T than their base salary. 1 Salaries submitted $46,753 $43,875 | $2,878 $38K $58K Operations Terminal Supervisor 1 Salaries submitted $74,754 $68,649 | $6,105 $61K $91K Add your salary. That can include clearing tracks after extreme weather and emergency infrastructure repairs. The ultimate solution is to hire more employees, but that comes with hidden costs, Castellano said. He earned $77,636 in overtime in 2016, which withhis base pay of $112,819 andother payments brought his total earnings to $222,450 for the year, according to NJ Transit salary records. The agency has been scrambling to fill training classes with recruits. 17. Overtime laws in New Jersey and nationally are designed to prevent workers from being exploited by their employers, with hourly wage earners (particularly those in blue-collar indistries) being the primarily protected group. The fiscal year 2021, Bus, Rail and Police operations overtime expenditures of $176.4 million represented 27% of those departments total operations labor costs of $661.8 million, Smith said. Bus Cleaner (Current Employee) - Wayne, NJ - June 12, 2021. In other cases, use of plannedovertime is a management tool, she said. Results show employees as of Dec. 31, 2021. Search other databases at DataUniverse home. 14. Executive Director Kevin Corbett, who earns $280,000 a year, said it has become challenging to attract younger workers to become train engineers, despite the pay which is higher than the states median household income of $76,000. Unforeseen events such as COVID play a significant role in dictating how much overtime is needed, Smith said. Nicholas Porta was hired onApril 23, 2003 and currently is a road foreman. 3. Out of an estimated 120 million workers in America, almost 50 million are exempt from overtime law. Overtime is payable at the rate of 1 1/2 times the . NJ Transit officials recently said they would improve efforts to notify commuters of expected canceled or delayed trains. Indeed's survey asked over 61 current and former employees what the overtime policy was for their role at NJ TRANSIT. At NJ TRANSIT, you'll join us inSee this and similar jobs on LinkedIn. The more public examples of overtime can be due to emergencies after bad weather, due to repair work or clearing rail lines of debris and trees. It is updated quarterly. Forbes continues to recognize our considerable efforts to build a productive, supportive, stimulating and inclusive work environment. Effective January 1, 2023, the New Jersey minimum wage is $14.13 per hour for most workers. The dataset includes the annual salary and the regular earnings for the calendar year to date. YouTubes privacy policy is available here and YouTubes terms of service is available here. Posted 8:20:51 PM. Blame the engineer who didnt show up. employee with total pay of more than $461,000, including about $344,000 in. While we take all precautions to ensure that the data on this site is correct and up-to-date, we cannot be held liable for the accuracy of the labor law data we present. Many of the cancelations were due to a shortage of engineers last year, a situation blamed on retirements and workers who left to take more lucrative jobs at other commuter agencies. Brian A. Alleyne was hired on Jan. 3, 2007 and is currently an assistant conductor. More than four in 10 New Jersey police officers earn more than $100,000 before factoring in any overtime pay, according to a USA TODAY NETWORK New Jersey analysis of payroll records. Our model gets smarter over time as more people share salaries on Glassdoor. Complaints, Appeals, and Investigations. 5. 10. Last year, 25 NJ Transit employees earned paychecks that total over $200,000 and only one sits in the executive offices. View job description, responsibilities and qualifications. Daily rail service was reduced to a weekend schedule in March 2020 as commuters complied with travel restrictions and those who could, worked from home. FRA regulations require a minimum staffing level on trains in order to operate, Smith said. It is updated quarterly. See if you qualify! Last November, Executive Director Steven Santoro said the agency has seen a 5to 10 percent decline in the number of maintenance employees in the last few years. Management sucks. Site usage subject to, SEPTA's new railcars plagued by faulty wiring, repeated delays and a federal investigation, Fare-free bus program doesnt have funding, D.C. finance chief says, SEPTA to buy 10 hydrogen fuel-cell buses for $17 million, Pierce Transit targeted in ransomware attack by Russia-based group, D.C. Metro to spend $55 million on wheel repairs after release of NTSB report, Train with 350 passengers collides with freight train in Greece, killing at least 36 people, City transit systems begin to peer over the fiscal cliff, New Orleans RTA board prepares to pick new CEO as unions question process, Crime skyrockets on L.A. Metro system, including a jump in drug deaths, D.C. Metro exploring design change to allow movement between rail cars, Where did all the bus riders in St. Louis go? Michael Rybicki was hired on July 6, 1971 and currently is a lead technician. Tons of great salary information on Installing PTC equipment was one of the reasons for overtime expenses in 2020 and 2019. Paul J. Decker was hired onSept. 9, 2009 and is currently a track supervisor. Almost 2,500 employees individually earnedat least $25,000 in overtime, according to NJ Transit salary records obtained through an Open Public Records Act request. Eric K. Rockson isan assistant conductor and was hired onJan. 19, 2000. Individual salaries will, of course, vary depending on the job, department, location, as well as the individual skills and education of each employee. 12. NJ Transit salaries range from $51,262 yearly for Locomotive Engineer to $127,087 yearly for a Information Technology Project Manager. In January 2018, 435 trains were canceled. "Yes, we have to look into why theres so much overtime. Hes among 11 train conductors who were among the employees with the top 25 highest salaries. Build your future as part of a dynamic company committed to transforming one of the premiere transportation brands in North America. 2023 Advance Local Media LLC. Corbett noted that even when NJ Transit has a full quota of train engineers, there still will be overtime opportunities a fact that the agency might promote. Here are lessons from cities that have done it, King County Metro begins charting its future beyond the pandemic. David R. Jamison, Locomotive Engineer, 10. Hiring and training strategies should be used before a crisis point is reached and overtime is the only short-term solution, Castellano said. New Jersey Transit Payroll. What do you think? NJ TRANSIT adheres to the NJ First Act. An NJ Transit Comet V rail car is waiting to have Positive Train Control equipment installed in a contractor's shop in this file photo. Overtime for eleven employees was higher than their base salary. If your job fits into one of the four main exemption categories to overtime law (executive, administrative, professional, and outside sales), then you are not protected by New Jersey and federal overtime regulations. NJ TRANSIT jobs The agency has safeguards and oversight in place to prevent the types of overtime abuse that some neighboring commuter agencies have experienced, she said. We offer our fulltime staff employees a comprehensive benefits package that's among the best in our industry, including top-tier medical, dental and vision plans covering eligible employees and dependents, voluntary wellness and employee assistance programs, life insurance, disability, retirement plans . estimated this salary based on data from 2 employees, users and past and present job ads. NJ TRANSIT is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Our journalism needs your support. NJ Transit officials and a Rutgers University labor expert disagreed about which is more effective. In 2008, close to 200,000 employees sucessfully received a total of $140,200,000 (140.2 million dollars) in overtime and minimum wage backwages from their employers as a result of filing an FLSA violation claim. At NJ TRANSIT, we support and depend upon the diversity of our staff. That comes down to effective workforce planning. The average salary for Bus Driver at NJ TRANSIT in the United States is $27.36 per hour, which is 57% above the national average. An individuals total salary was calculated by adding a persons base salary, overtime and other pay including unused sick and vacation time that was cashed in, retroactive pay and uniform allowances. This data is for employees paid by independent Authorities. View the job description, responsibilities and qualifications for this position. There is a lot of research that when youre working that many hours of overtime, your fatigue level increases, the amount of errors increase, even productivity starts decreasing, said Castellano, who added he does work force planning research. Contribute Dispatcher 1 Salaries submitted $43,811 $41,716 | $2,095 $37K $52K Operator 1 Salaries submitted $50,277 $50,277 | $0 $42K $61K Those non-salary costs can add 40% to 50% to the cost of bringing on a new employee, he said. Engineers have to complete a 20-month training course. Raymond J. Pereira, Locomotive Engineer, 22. NJ Transit has managerial oversight of overtime, Smith said. Finally, this list isnt a judgement of the employees. There is one record per employee per authority. You need to look at the big picture, theres always fluctuation, but generally the red flag is when an organization is paying above three percent of its employee budget in overtime, said Bill Castellano, a Human Resource Management professor at Rutgers University School of Management and Labor Relations. Piota Regula was hired onOct. 22, 2003 and isa maintenance-of-way foreman. During a recent incident where a truck that was too high hit a rail bridge in Pennsauken, track inspectors and crews were dispatched to make immediate repairs to make conditions safe for customers and the general public, she said. Bus Garage Foreman II Bus Serviceperson Bus Operator Summer Intern. Salaries: Pierce County for 2021 August 25, 2022, 5:01 PM Databases Salaries: King County for 2021 Updated August 23, 2022, 1:52 PM Databases Salaries: Statewide School Employees for 2020-21. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. Number of employees at Nj Transit Corporation in year 2018 was 295. Charles J. Bingert III is a locomotive engineer and was hired on Oct. 31, 1989. NJ Advance Media reviewed NJ Transit records to figure out some of the top earners. See results. NJ Transit pays $22 per hour or $44,930 per year on average in Hoboken, NJ. The exact amount of reduction is unknown at this time.. He was followed by a train conductor with 26-years of service on the railroad, who made the third-most overtime at $100,967 to bring his base $74,942 salary to a total of $259,432 last year. He earned $76,640 in overtime in 2016, which along with his base pay of $88,550, plus other payments brought his total . A full schedule resumed in July. Employees receive access to educational reimbursement, excellent in-house training programs, transportation benefits, and wellness programs. The added engineers could be a wash, as 10 to 20 engineers leave every year some to rail systems in neighboring states that pay even more. Using the Explorer, you can search on any combination of: calendar year, employee name, department/agency/authority, title, employee relations group (bargaining unit), salary and overtime. Apply for the Job in FIELD TECHNICIAN at LODI, NJ. It includes Executive Branch departments, the Legislature, the Judiciary and independent authorities. Its balance, from a budget perspective, at what point is it better to have less employees and more overtime or more employees and less overtime? he said. The shortage is expected to ease this year when at least 60 engineers, who are now training in six classes, graduate to the cab and start operating trains, Smith said. For brevity, we list the base salary and overtime and the total salary earned in 2018 and hire date to show an employee's longevity. NJ TRANSIT employees rate the overall compensation and benefits . Martin D. David was hired on July 26,1996 and is currently a police officer. Non-exempt employees in New Jersey are entitled to overtime pay of 1.5 times their average hourly rate for every hour worked over 40 in a single week. How much do Nj Transit employees earn on average in the United States? The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Advance Local. By Larry Higgs | NJ Advance Media for Officials said they are hoping that will change after Gov. Phil Murphy, said the agency ideally should have 390 engineers, but currently has 344. Cookie Settings/Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The dataset includes the annual salary and the regular earnings for the calendar year to date. It was the agency's overtime budget. The average NJ TRANSIT salary ranges from approximately $48,057 per year for a Bus Driver to $127,888 per year for a Regional Supervisor. Officials blame this commuting nightmare in part on a lack of engineers the people who operate the trains. Because of that, he receives various payments under the Collective Bargaining Agreement, in addition to straight time wage, which accounts for the $99,915 difference between overtime and base pay that add up to his total salary. News and commentary in public transportation, and the latest job postings and solicitations. Can NJ Transit drop overtime costs this year? 9. Employers have to look at what is really driving overtime, if its temporary and whether there are opportunities to make changes, such as rescheduling and redeploying employees, he said. Daniel J. Garcia was hired onSept. 5, 2001 and is currently atrack supervisor. The average NJ TRANSIT hourly pay ranges from approximately $18 per hour for an Intern - Hourly to $37 per hour for a Locomotive Engineer. HAY POINTS: 702. . WhichNJ Transit employees made $75K or more in 2016? NJ Transit overtime had steadily increased from $138.9 million in 2015 to $181.5 million in 2018. "Unforeseen events play a large role in dictating how much overtime is needed. The data file reflects data for employees who are active members in a state pension system as reported by the employer. Overtime pay, also called "time and a half pay", is one and a half times an employee's normal hourly wage. When added to his base pay of $61,859and other payments he earned a total salary of $167,936, according to NJ Transit salary records. Your field of work can impact your salary at NJ Transit too. Overtime was reduced by $13.94 million in 2020, from $196.9 million in 2019 to $183 million last year, said Nancy Snyder an NJ Transit spokeswoman. If your work involves manual labor (such as construction worker, factory attendant, cashier, etc) you are probably protected under overtime law. For some transit employees, the overtime significantly increased their paycheck. Cookie Settings/Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 11. Would it be cheaper to hire more employees? All overtime hours are reviewed, approved and tracked in the payroll system to identify the reason or project associated with the overtime cost. Of the top 25 overtime earners last year, eight employees made over $100,000 in overtime. Indeed's survey asked over 25 current and former employees what the overtime policy was for their role at NJ TRANSIT. The MTA had 300 employees that earned more than $100,000 in overtime and it enacted 15 steps to improve its overtime management oversight, recommended by a consultant in the wake of a 16% jump in overtime within the MTA between 2018 and 2019. There's a good reason why so many people who make the trains run were earning as much or more than their bosseslast year. But Kevin Corbett, NJ Transit CEO, says overtime can sometimes be a better economic decision since hiring more means taking on the costs of benefits in addition to the salary of a new employee. Read what they think about their salaries on our Compensation FAQ page for NJ TRANSIT. The most popular answer was . Another 10 engineers and five conductors also topped $200,000 thanks to retroactive pay awarded in the 2016 contract negotiation that averted a shutdown. Sometimes, overtime is cheaper than the cost of salary and benefits ofhiring a new employee. 67% of NJ TRANSIT employees would recommend working there to a friend based on Glassdoor reviews. Easy 1-Click Apply (NJ TRANSIT) NJ Transit Manager, Labor Relations - Bus job in Newark, NJ. DavidR. Jamison was hired on Sept. 17, 1986 and is currently a locomotive engineer. Yikes. NJ TRANSIT employees rate the overall compensation and benefits package 3.9/5 stars. If the overtime seems high, remember these are the people who came to the rescue of commuters when a crew wasn't available, by working extra hours. But more importantly, tell the people why you dont know that a train is going to show up or not show up at 7 or 8 in the morning.. Federal Minimum Wage | Corbett acknowledged the levels of overtime engineers were asked to work took a toll on employees. NJ Transit spent$165.9million on overtime in 2017, an increase of $14.6 million over 2016. Here are the top 25 overtime earners in 2017: (Larry Higgs | NJ Advance Media for, 19. This site is a free public service not affiliated with the Department of Labor or any governmental organization. A New Jersey 101.5 analysis of the agency's nearly 11,200-employee payroll finds that five engineers and five conductors made more than $200,000 last year in base pay and overtime. Using overtime is a common practice in the transit industry to avoid having to provide benefits to new additional full-time employees, said Nancy Snyder, an NJ Transit spokeswoman. NJ Transits overtime increased by 2% in 2021 when compared to 2019, he said. That 13-year veteran came close to CEO and President Kevin Corbett's $279,999 annual salary . Daniel M. Alexanderhired on May 20, 1998 and is currently a maintenance of way foreman. When added to his base pay of $86,840 and other payments he earned a total salary of $174,867, according to NJ Transit salary records. NJ Transit has quite a few rank-and-file employees who earned more than $75,000 each in overtime in 2016. Join in the NJ TRANSIT mobile app or visit to learn more! Another 10 . He earned $87,737 in overtime in 2016. Last year, 24 employees earned more than $100,000 in overtime. [Scroll down to see the list of employees.]. In some cases, they take home a bigger paycheck than their boss. All rights reserved (About Us). The median engineer pay at NJ Transit is nearly $122,000 a year. 21. Other reasons why employees have to put in overtime include providing peak/off-peak service requirements, extra service for special events such as sports event at MetLife Stadium and concerts, officials said. Melvin L. Webb was hired onJan. 4, 1994 and currently isa police sergeant. Robert M. Marusky, Locomotive Engineer, 21. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. MTA overtime spiked at $400 million that year. Let us know in a single click, and we'll fix it as soon as possible. NJ Transit went on a hiring binge last year to fill open engineer, conductor and bus driver positions and has 442 vacancies as of January. Help us keep up-to-date! The situation is so dire that state officials this fall relaxed a residency rule in order to allow Pennsylvania and New York residents to apply for NJ Transit jobs. Not all fields need to be filled out. He earned $85,497 in overtime in 2016. Previous years show pay for the full calendar year. The highest-paying job at NJ TRANSIT is a Regional Supervisor with a salary of $127,888 per year. Trainees earn $26.77 an hour. Usually, employers have to consider the entire cost of hiring new employees, salary and benefits, he said. Six riders' stories [Metered Paywall], Southern Maine transit providers hope cutting fares will increase ridership, Addressing homeless crisis, LA Metro will offer its surplus land for housing. The lowest-paying job at NJ TRANSIT is a Bus Driver with a salary of $48,057 per year. Canceled train? The average time-and-a-half overtime pay was $63 an hour. Your job is classified as a Professional position if your primary duties require advanced knowledge and extensive education, including artists, certified teachers, and skilled computer professionals. Employees on leave are also listed, though they may not have received State or authority pay during all or part of the year. Thomas H. OHanlon, Locomotive Engineer. Larry Higgs | NJ Advance Media for To learn more, click here. The following jobs are specifically covered by Federal overtime pay laws: All first-responders, including police, paramedics, and firefighters, are specifically offered overtime protection under the FLSA. Of the top 25 overtime earners, 11 were locomotive engineers and 8 were conductors. John N. Tracy Jr., Railroad Yardmaster, 5. That cut service to 22 towns in three counties and crews worked round the clock to clear the line and repair the damage and restore service. Nothing Bundt Cakes is Coming to Marlton NJ! 2021 Advance Local Media LLC. All employees will have a master record and one or more detail records. Did bad marketing and its odd name stop an LA Metro rail line from getting funds. Your job is classified as an Outside Sales position if your main duties are making sales or taking orders outside of their employer's main workplace. Rudolph H. Butler, Railroad Mechanical Desk Supervisor, 16. Employees also rated NJ TRANSIT 3.0 out of 5 for work life balance, 3.0 for culture and values and 3.6 for career opportunities. If the agency taps a 30-year-veteran to work an extra shift or holiday, theyre going to pay an additional amount for that individuals experience. He earned $77,101 in overtime in 2016, which with his base pay of $79,019 andother payments brought his total earnings to $174,135 for the year, according to NJ Transit salary records. Based on the New Jersey minimum wage of $8.38 per hour, the minimum amount any New Jersey worker should receive as overtime pay is $12.57 per hour . 2. Indeed's survey asked over 57 current and former employees what the overtime policy was for their role at NJ TRANSIT. Salaries shown are base pay. Bus Administration/Labor Relations to join our team! Disclaimer . Your job must be salaried, primarily intellectual, and you must be expected to use discression and judgement. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. Use of and/or registration on any portion of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your Privacy Choices and Rights (each updated 1/26/2023). 15. Salaries at NJ Transit range from an average of $26,000 to $75,000 a year. The weekly earnings estimate of $565.20 is based on a standard 40-hour workweek. There were 1,796 responses overall. All rights reserved (About Us). Of the top 25 overtime earners, 2 were locomotive engineers and 2 were conductors. He earned $76,640 in overtime in 2016, which along with his base pay of $88,550, plus other payments brought his total earnings to $168,382 for the year, according to NJ Transit salary records. The result was a $2.772 million decrease in rail overtime from $105.09 million in 2019 to $102.32 last year, Snyder said. Larry Higgs may be reached at He earned $85,392 in overtime in 2016. There are some who are able to game the system and have caused problems.". COMPANY SIZE 500 to 999 employees INDUSTRY firex smoke detector chirping Babysitter Job in Essex Fells - NJ New Jersey - USA , 07021 Listing for: ComForCare Home Health Care - Fairfield, NJ Full Time position Listed on 2023-01-25 Job specializations: Child Care/Nannying Babysitting, Child Minding, Child Development Job Description & How to . Charles J. Bingert III, Locomotive Engineer, 1. Usage is subject to our Terms and Privacy Policy. Overtime is monitored and NJ Transit is judicious in authorizing it, Snyder said. Boguslaw K. Lozanski, Locomotive Engineer, (Larry Higgs | NJ Advance media for, 2. At NJ TRANSIT, you'll join us inSee this and similar jobs on LinkedIn. 13. Arthur A. Niemiec was hired on Oct. 22, 2003 and is currently a rail electrician.
Hudson 308 Performance Parts, Mobile Homes For Rent Sullivan, Mo, Articles N